Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 29 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 71 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 32 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 71 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 161 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 138 Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::clean() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 33 Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::_cleanArray() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 463 Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::_cleanArray() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 464 Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::_cleanArray() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 465 Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::_cleanArray() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 466 Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::_cleanArray() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 467 Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::_cleanArray() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 468 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 35 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 71 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 38 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 71 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 39 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 71 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 161 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 138 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 46 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 71 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 47 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 71 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 50 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 71 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 53 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 71 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 54 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 71 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 57 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 58 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 71 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 71 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 71 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 71 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 71 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 71 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 71 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 71 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 71 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 161 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 138 Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getApplication() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/index.php on line 31 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 71 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 161 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 138 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 161 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 138 Strict Standards: Redefining already defined constructor for class JObject in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/base/object.php on line 57 Strict Standards: Non-static method JApplication::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/factory.php on line 46 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 71 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 161 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 138 Strict Standards: Non-static method JApplicationHelper::getClientInfo() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 132 Strict Standards: Declaration of JSite::getRouter() should be compatible with & JApplication::getRouter($name = NULL, $options = Array) in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/includes/application.php on line 377 Strict Standards: Declaration of JSite::getPathWay() should be compatible with & JApplication::getPathway($name = NULL, $options = Array) in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/includes/application.php on line 377 Strict Standards: Declaration of JSite::getMenu() should be compatible with & JApplication::getMenu($name = NULL, $options = Array) in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/includes/application.php on line 377 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 71 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 71 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 161 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 138 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/registry/registry.php on line 19 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 161 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 138 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 71 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 161 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 138 Strict Standards: Declaration of JSession::set() should be compatible with JObject::set($property, $value = NULL) in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/session/session.php on line 737 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/session/session.php on line 19 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 161 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 138 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 161 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 138 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 161 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 138 Warning: session_start(): Cannot send session cookie - headers already sent by (output started at /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/import.php:29) in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/session/session.php on line 423 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 71 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 71 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 161 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 138 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 161 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 138 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 161 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 138 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 161 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 138 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 71 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 161 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 138 Warning: session_start(): Cannot send session cache limiter - headers already sent (output started at /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/import.php:29) in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/session/session.php on line 423 Warning: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/import.php:29) in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/session/session.php on line 426 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 161 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 138 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 71 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 161 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 138 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/html/parameter.php on line 21 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 161 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 138 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 161 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 138 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 71 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 161 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 138 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 71 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 161 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 138 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::importPlugin() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/index.php on line 41 Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::_load() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 92 Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::_import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 97 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 71 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 161 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 138 Strict Standards: Redefining already defined constructor for class JPlugin in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/plugin/plugin.php on line 75 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 161 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 138 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 71 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 161 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 138 Strict Standards: Declaration of JEvent::update() should be compatible with JObserver::update() in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/event/event.php on line 29 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 161 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 138 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 71 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 161 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 138 Strict Standards: Non-static method JDispatcher::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 140 Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::getPlugin() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 147 Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::_load() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 41 Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::_import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 97 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JDispatcher::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 140 Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::getPlugin() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 147 Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::_load() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 41 Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::_import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 97 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JDispatcher::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 140 Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::getPlugin() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 147 Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::_load() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 41 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 161 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 138 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 161 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 138 Strict Standards: Declaration of JRegistryFormatINI::objectToString() should be compatible with JRegistryFormat::objectToString(&$object) in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/registry/format/ini.php on line 281 Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::_import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 97 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JDispatcher::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 140 Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::getPlugin() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 147 Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::_load() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 41 Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::_import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 97 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JDispatcher::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 140 Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::getPlugin() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 147 Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::_load() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 41 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 71 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 161 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 138 Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::_import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 97 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JDispatcher::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 140 Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::getPlugin() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 147 Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::_load() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 41 Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::_import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 97 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 71 Strict Standards: Non-static method JDispatcher::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 140 Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::getPlugin() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 147 Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::_load() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 41 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 71 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 161 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 138 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 71 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 161 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 138 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 161 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 138 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 71 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 161 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 138 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/cache/cache.php on line 19 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 161 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 138 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 161 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 138 Strict Standards: Declaration of JCacheStorage::get() should be compatible with JObject::get($property, $default = NULL) in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/cache/storage.php on line 173 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 161 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 138 Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::getInt() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/index.php on line 55 Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::getVar() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 179 Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::_cleanVar() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 134 Strict Standards: Non-static method JFilterInput::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 577 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 71 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 161 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 138 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/document/document.php on line 19 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 161 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 138 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 161 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 138 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 161 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 138 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: call_user_func_array() expects parameter 1 to be a valid callback, non-static method JHTMLBehavior::mootools() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/html/html.php on line 91 Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getConfig() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/html/html/behavior.php on line 46 Strict Standards: Non-static method JHTML::script() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/html/html/behavior.php on line 56 Strict Standards: Non-static method JURI::root() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/html/html.php on line 176 Strict Standards: Non-static method JURI::base() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/environment/uri.php on line 276 Strict Standards: Non-static method JURI::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/environment/uri.php on line 276 Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getDocument() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/html/html.php on line 179 Strict Standards: call_user_func_array() expects parameter 1 to be a valid callback, non-static method JHTMLBehavior::mootools() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/html/html.php on line 91 Strict Standards: call_user_func_array() expects parameter 1 to be a valid callback, non-static method JHTMLBehavior::modal() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/html/html.php on line 91 Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getDocument() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/html/html/behavior.php on line 122 Strict Standards: Non-static method JHTML::script() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/html/html/behavior.php on line 128 Strict Standards: Non-static method JHTML::_() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/html/html.php on line 172 Strict Standards: call_user_func_array() expects parameter 1 to be a valid callback, non-static method JHTMLBehavior::mootools() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/html/html.php on line 91 Strict Standards: Non-static method JURI::root() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/html/html.php on line 176 Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getDocument() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/html/html.php on line 179 Strict Standards: Non-static method JHTML::stylesheet() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/html/html/behavior.php on line 129 Strict Standards: Non-static method JURI::root() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/html/html.php on line 194 Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getDocument() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/html/html.php on line 197 Strict Standards: Non-static method JHTMLBehavior::_getJSObject() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/html/html/behavior.php on line 154 Strict Standards: Non-static method T3Common::get_active_template() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/plugins/system/jat3/core/define.php on line 12 Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getApplication() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/plugins/system/jat3/core/common.php on line 57 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Warning: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/import.php:29) in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/plugins/system/jat3/core/parameter.php on line 80 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 161 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 138 Strict Standards: call_user_func_array() expects parameter 1 to be a valid callback, non-static method JHTMLBehavior::mootools() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/html/html.php on line 91 Strict Standards: Non-static method T3Preload::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/plugins/system/jat3/core/preload.php on line 146 Strict Standards: Non-static method T3Preload::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/plugins/system/jat3/core/preload.php on line 146 Strict Standards: Non-static method T3Preload::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/plugins/system/jat3/core/preload.php on line 146 Strict Standards: Non-static method T3Preload::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/plugins/system/jat3/core/preload.php on line 146 Strict Standards: Non-static method T3Preload::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/plugins/system/jat3/core/preload.php on line 146 Strict Standards: Non-static method T3Preload::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/plugins/system/jat3/core/preload.php on line 146 Strict Standards: Non-static method T3Preload::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/plugins/system/jat3/core/preload.php on line 146 Strict Standards: Non-static method T3Preload::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/plugins/system/jat3/core/preload.php on line 146 Strict Standards: Non-static method T3Preload::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/plugins/system/jat3/core/preload.php on line 146 Strict Standards: Non-static method T3Preload::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/plugins/system/jat3/core/preload.php on line 146 Strict Standards: Non-static method T3Preload::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/plugins/system/jat3/core/preload.php on line 146 Strict Standards: Non-static method T3Preload::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/plugins/system/jat3/core/preload.php on line 146 Strict Standards: Non-static method T3Preload::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/plugins/system/jat3/core/preload.php on line 146 Strict Standards: Non-static method T3Preload::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/plugins/system/jat3/core/preload.php on line 146 Strict Standards: Non-static method T3Preload::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/plugins/system/jat3/core/preload.php on line 146 Strict Standards: Non-static method T3Preload::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/plugins/system/jat3/core/preload.php on line 146 Strict Standards: Non-static method T3Preload::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/plugins/system/jat3/core/preload.php on line 146 Strict Standards: Non-static method T3Preload::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/plugins/system/jat3/core/preload.php on line 146 Strict Standards: Non-static method T3Preload::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/plugins/system/jat3/core/preload.php on line 146 Strict Standards: Non-static method T3Preload::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/plugins/system/jat3/core/preload.php on line 146 Strict Standards: Non-static method T3Preload::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/plugins/system/jat3/core/preload.php on line 146 Strict Standards: Non-static method T3Preload::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/plugins/system/jat3/core/preload.php on line 146 Strict Standards: Non-static method T3Preload::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/plugins/system/jat3/core/preload.php on line 146 Strict Standards: Non-static method T3Preload::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/plugins/system/jat3/core/preload.php on line 146 Strict Standards: Non-static method T3Preload::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/plugins/system/jat3/core/preload.php on line 146 Strict Standards: Non-static method T3Preload::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/plugins/system/jat3/core/preload.php on line 146 Strict Standards: Non-static method T3Preload::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/plugins/system/jat3/core/preload.php on line 146 Strict Standards: Non-static method T3Preload::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/plugins/system/jat3/core/preload.php on line 146 Strict Standards: Non-static method T3Preload::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/plugins/system/jat3/core/preload.php on line 146 Strict Standards: Non-static method T3Preload::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/plugins/system/jat3/core/preload.php on line 146 Strict Standards: Non-static method T3Preload::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/plugins/system/jat3/core/preload.php on line 146 Strict Standards: Non-static method T3Preload::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/plugins/system/jat3/core/preload.php on line 146 Strict Standards: Non-static method T3Preload::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/plugins/system/jat3/core/preload.php on line 146 Strict Standards: Non-static method T3Preload::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/plugins/system/jat3/core/preload.php on line 146 Strict Standards: Non-static method T3Preload::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/plugins/system/jat3/core/preload.php on line 146 Strict Standards: Non-static method T3Preload::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/plugins/system/jat3/core/preload.php on line 146 Strict Standards: Non-static method T3Preload::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/plugins/system/jat3/core/preload.php on line 146 Strict Standards: Non-static method T3Preload::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/plugins/system/jat3/core/preload.php on line 146 Strict Standards: Non-static method T3Preload::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/plugins/system/jat3/core/preload.php on line 146 Strict Standards: Non-static method T3Preload::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/plugins/system/jat3/core/preload.php on line 146 Strict Standards: Non-static method T3Preload::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/plugins/system/jat3/core/preload.php on line 146 Strict Standards: Non-static method T3Preload::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/plugins/system/jat3/core/preload.php on line 146 Strict Standards: Non-static method T3Preload::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/plugins/system/jat3/core/preload.php on line 146 Strict Standards: Non-static method T3Preload::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/plugins/system/jat3/core/preload.php on line 146 Strict Standards: Non-static method T3Preload::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/plugins/system/jat3/core/preload.php on line 146 Strict Standards: Non-static method T3Preload::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/plugins/system/jat3/core/preload.php on line 146 Strict Standards: Non-static method T3Preload::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/plugins/system/jat3/core/preload.php on line 146 Strict Standards: Non-static method T3Preload::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/plugins/system/jat3/core/preload.php on line 146 Strict Standards: Non-static method T3Preload::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/plugins/system/jat3/core/preload.php on line 146 Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::getCmd() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/index.php on line 67 Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::getVar() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 255 Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::_cleanVar() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 134 Strict Standards: Non-static method JFilterInput::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 577 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 161 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 138 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 161 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 138 Strict Standards: Declaration of JDocumentRendererRSS::render() should be compatible with JDocumentRenderer::render($name, $params = Array, $content = NULL) in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/document/feed/renderer/rss.php on line 31 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JSite::getMenu() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/components/com_k2/router.php on line 17 Strict Standards: Non-static method JApplication::getMenu() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/includes/application.php on line 345 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JMenu::getInstance() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 707 Strict Standards: Non-static method JError::isError() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 708 Strict Standards: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/document/feed/renderer/rss.php on line 53 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 71 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 161 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 138 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/loader.php on line 186 Strict Standards: Non-static method JResponse::toString() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/index.php on line 88 Strict Standards: Non-static method JResponse::getBody() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/environment/response.php on line 190 Strict Standards: Non-static method JResponse::allowCache() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/environment/response.php on line 197 Strict Standards: Non-static method JResponse::sendHeaders() should not be called statically in /customers/6/8/b/ghachem.net/httpd.www/montasser/libraries/joomla/environment/response.php on line 206 A Tunisian Adventurer - Montasser Ghachem - Home montasser.ghachem.net is the personal website of Montasser Ghachem, where he shares his poetry, ideas and small discoveries in life. From Tunis to Boston, passing by Berlin and Stockholm... A tale of metamorphosis. http://montasser.ghachem.net Sun, 25 Feb 2018 21:10:23 +0000 Joomla! 1.5 - Open Source Content Management en-gb Notes from underground http://montasser.ghachem.net/index.php/montyblog/item/168-underground.html http://montasser.ghachem.net/index.php/montyblog/item/168-underground.html

Notes from underground - During my various trips to the unconscious, I found out that most of my thoughts are mere descriptions of bargaining outcomes between my internal powers and the external world, they are devoid of any ultimate intrinsic reason. In fact, my thoughts never precede my actions but solely justify them. Through the years, It became clear to me that, in order to improve my thoughts, I had to improve these bargaining outcomes. In this respect, I travel to the depths, to the underground world where desires are repressed, ideas are persecuted, fears are tyrants, reality is avoided and survival is KING! Despite their extreme peril, I still find such trips quite fascinating human experience, they are almost self-sacrificial, very perilous and extremely scary. The depths are very turbulent, violent, devoid of order and raging with uncontrollable drives and repressed energies. The blindly brave will is not satisfied by determining the future but also stretches its hand towards the past. It wants to liberate itself. It is willing to risk survival because it wants to live!

Montasser Ghachem © June 2014

]]>
Monty Blog Tue, 03 Jun 2014 23:59:36 +0000
Man and social norms: Loving the enemy http://montasser.ghachem.net/index.php/montyblog/item/167-norms.html http://montasser.ghachem.net/index.php/montyblog/item/167-norms.html

Man complains all the time about social moral norms. He continuously asserts that they restrict his freedom of action. However, if you look close enough, you will know that man will never let them down. These norms play a crucial role in his stability. He can easily earn sympathy, receive confirmation and get help by conforming to the expectations of others.

Man, being so close to himself, to his motivations and desires, to his motivations and impulses; must be at times horrified by his occasional cruelty against those closest to him, his premeditated aggression against the vulnerable and the better, and his conscious escape of responsibility when he is most needed by others. He could not have survived if there were no social norm! Society can convince him that he is good, holder of good intentions even when he deeply knows that his intentions are cruel, savage and ugly. He fain to accept society judgment because man, in his basic constitution, is utilitarian. He doesn't look for what is right or true, he just look for roundabout ways to be cruel without being reputed for being cruel. Society is there to clean what might be dirty and give a simile of goodness to that which is not. Most importantly, it is there so that man escapes responsibility towards his fellows, particularly towards those in need of help and assistance. Thanks to social norms that prescribe a given attitude that doesn't consider the particulars of the situation at hand. Man can easily reinterpret the norms in his favor,  follow his selfish instincts and ignore the needs of his fellows because he did what society or his social role instructed him to do.  Man tries as much as he can not look in the eyes of others, so that they do not look at his depth. He hides behind social norms, behind dogmas and beliefs, behind ideologies and convictions for a sole purpose... escape his responsibility. The creation of ideologies, dogmas, systems and principles is the attempt of man of escaping himself so that he can finally look at himself through the eyes of others. He is horrified when he looks directly at himself!

Montasser Ghachem © 2014

]]>
Monty Blog Tue, 29 Apr 2014 09:17:48 +0000
Creativity as a spark of hope towards an unavoidable defeat! http://montasser.ghachem.net/index.php/montyblog/item/166-creativity.html http://montasser.ghachem.net/index.php/montyblog/item/166-creativity.html

What is creativity? It is a deep malaise beautifully sublimated. We are warned about serving two masters, but some people still try it. They are simultaneously in love with life and their integrity. They get consequently stuck between two contradicting principals: The preservation of self calls for harmony, unity and stability and the evolution of life calls for multiplicity, change and growth. As any will is ultimately dictatorial, life pressures all the living to submit to its laws.

The individual who wants to preserve his integrity without giving up on life, faces the hegemony of the blind, sharp and evolutionary forces of life. In this battle, the individual ironically fights with life precisely because he cherishes life. Being bound in energy, time and space, the individual faced by the abundance of life forces, is painfully forced to accommodate these forces, to occasionally withdraw in order not to be disfigured by life tides. Life forces however, present in all the living, still succeed to follow him, penetrate his body and soul, and disturb his thoughts. Such withdrawal is a strategically unconscious move to force life into fairer territory, where the individual can set his world as he wishes, where his powers outweigh the powers of life in an isolated artist basement or in the solitary walks of the man of knowledge. The imperious instinct of love for life forces the individual to go back and immerse himself into life to the fullest, there the individual again, faces the indifferent will of nature that is only merciful to the fit and the strong. In the heroic battle against life for life, the individual crashes, falls and quails seeing that life forces remained intact after so many rounds of battle. In the midst of pain and fatigue, the individual is forced to give up one of his two masters. Lucky draws of nature, in that crucial moment of despair, of complete loss of meaning, of utter nihilism, succeeds to sublimate their pain into a creative deed. They succeed through a reinterpretation of life, of one’s position into it, by an insight on the nature of the evolutionary forces to get a spark of hope, to gain a little territory into the comically disproportionate contest of forces. Through recreating life through his own powers, the creator makes sense of life and therefore succeeds for short while to impose his will on the blind forces of life, he accessed to short moment of triumph over life for life. Creativity is the lucky outcome of the struggle between organized atoms of life against the blind rules of the continuum. Peaks of grief, anguish, sadness and even agony precede the creative moment, the moment where the individual is most unable to cope and about to perish and disappear. However, we humans usually have short memories, we rejoice in the creative deeds and wonder at their beauty and perfection and very easily forget that they have their origins in moments of extreme doubt and alienation.

Montasser Ghachem © 2014

]]>
Monty Blog Tue, 04 Mar 2014 06:31:25 +0000
Life as a dynamical system: An eigenvalue analysis! http://montasser.ghachem.net/index.php/fun-math/item/165-life_eigenvalue.html http://montasser.ghachem.net/index.php/fun-math/item/165-life_eigenvalue.html

I have been reading lately about the stability of dynamic systems and I found the results at first very strange. It says that an equilibrium of a system is stable if and only if all of its corresponding eigenvalues have negative real parts. The word eigenvalue etymologically comes from the German 'Eigenwert' and means intrinsic value. I was wondering, how could a person be stable if all its intrinsic values are negative? I always thought that stability was related to positive appreciation about one's own worth i.e. own eigenvalue! After a while, I discovered that I was shortsighted and that the mathematical statement were very deep for my superficial understanding.

If someone reaches a state where he thinks that his intrinsic value is negative in all states of the world, then he enters in a state of rejection of life that it is impossible to escape. To live requires loving oneself as a living being i.e. a positive appreciation of oneself. Even the most depressed of us, occasionally thinks positively of himself/herself. If a person reaches a situation where he thinks he has a negative worth in all states of the world, then he loses hope of life and converges towards death. In fact, we can prove that death is asymptotically stable i.e. if we are close enough to death then we will certainly die. This a special case of the more general theorem that states that ‘in the long run we are all dead’! We proceed to prove that except death, all other states are unstable and therefore transitory.

Theorem: Death is asymptotically stable.

As said above, life requires hope i.e. a positive evaluation of oneself and of life and is therefore unstable. Even when we hate, we appreciate ourselves as haters. Life is never stable because being alive requires a certain feeling a self-worth i.e. a positive intrinsic value, a positive eigenvalue. This appreciation of ourselves as meaningful creatures in this world gives us energy to move forward in life and thus we leave this state. Given any positive eigenvalue in any state of the world, this state of the world will keep us moving. If I get rejected by twenty girls, I like and then I go to a bar and there a gorgeous girl smiles to me. There, I will continue going to that bar and wandering the streets of Cambridge because I know somewhere some time, I have a positive self-worth, I was appreciated. I will cling to life through this memory. The movement, the involvement in life following this positive intrinsic value proves that our state is not stable.

Theorem: As long as one thinks positively of oneself, his state is unstable.

What about states where the real part of all eigenvalues are zeroes? This is rather a tricky case, in the literature on dynamical systems, they are called centres. In real life, the centre are the states of coma or deep depressive state where a person becomes indifferent to life. Nothing matters anymore. One doesn’t reject life but doesn’t embrace it either. One could be a centre if one sees the absurdity of life as Mersault in the Stranger of Camus did when said “I had lived my life one way and I could just as well have lived it another. I had done this and I hadn’t done that… Nothing, nothing mattered”. These centres, following a certain perturbations, could lead to stable outcomes or unstable outcomes. Following a coma, one could die to go back to life. Following a deep depression, one could sink in the bottomless pit of depression or embrace life again despite its pains. The case of Mersault in the stranger is a mathematical puzzle. Mersault, after being a centre in all the novel, embraced life just to find death directly after it.

Theorem: Coma and deep state of depression are very sensitive to perturbations.

We have been very careful not to speak about the imaginary parts of the eigenvalues and we are very aware that one can keep on living based on purely imaginary sense of self-worth even if in reality the real part of it is zero or even negative. We leave this for future research.

The main takeout of our essay is that instability is inherent to life, one should not panic when things become unstable because as long as one is alive, the trajectory moves and no state except death is stable. Those of us who seek stability rely more on the imaginary part than the real part. Life is fundamentally change and no state in it is stable. I hope this note helps people to understand the experience of instability and never feel bad about it. Life never promised stability and it is sticking to its promise. Follow the trajectory of life, disregard stability.If we ever feel stable, this is due to the fact that our state is a rest point where we rest for a while. However, the winds of life make us move again proving that it was not stable. Go out now, enjoy life and try new things, talk to new people… Only death can trap you, otherwise, you are free as a bird. Completely unstable, completely free!

Mathematically Monty.

]]>
Funny Mathematics! Sat, 01 Mar 2014 01:38:46 +0000
Working Towards an innovative Society. http://montasser.ghachem.net/index.php/montyblog/item/164-innovative_society.html http://montasser.ghachem.net/index.php/montyblog/item/164-innovative_society.html

My article in Tunisia Live is a first personal attempt to diagnose the Tunisian culture. I don't pretend to even scratch the surface of a culture that spans more than 3000 years, but I tried to build on my experience in Western cultures in order put forward some limitations of the culture that, in my opinion, hinder the development of Tunisia towards an innovative and prosperous society. The Tunisian Revolution was a golden opportunity for us, Tunisians, to reflect on our society and ask ourselves: Are we doing everything we can to be an innovative society? Are we properly using our human resources to drive social and economic prosperity? Unfortunately the answer to these questions is no! Our culture still suffers from flaws that substantially impede our progress and squander valuable human resources. Read the article in Tunisia Live.

]]>
Monty Blog Mon, 29 Apr 2013 13:12:10 +0000
ما حدا بيعبيّ مطرحك بقلبي... http://montasser.ghachem.net/index.php/montyblog/item/162-heartfreedom.html http://montasser.ghachem.net/index.php/montyblog/item/162-heartfreedom.html

People of the cave

لا يلبث أن ينتفض الشّعور داخلك أمام جبروت العلم و نظريّاته أمام حدود الحضارة و سطوتها أمام ممنوع الثّقافة و عيوبها، أمام إمعان العقل على إستبطان الحقيقة و فرضها القاسي أحيانا على ذلك الشّعور الفطريّ الّذي لا يزال يملئك بالسعّادة، أمام اليدالصّارمة لقوى العالم الخارجيّ الّتي تكاد تخنق تلك الأحلام الورديّة الّتي ملأت طفولتك و شبابك... في لحظة، لم تعد تهمّك ماهيّة الأشياء و حقيقتها، لم تعد تخيفك سطوة المجتمع و جبروته،تحرّرت...

تراجعت المقاربة العقليّة للواقع أمام تلك الرّغبة الطفوليّة للإندماج فيه رغم أوهامه و آلامه. هاهي النّظرّة العلميّة في نفسك تتراجع أمام ذكريات قصائد الغزل و آهات الحبّ في ظلّ عجز روحك بالإرتفاع المتلازم لطاقتين إحداها تتعرّف على العالم و الأخرى تنصهر فيه في علاقة جميلة تعجز قياسات العلم إلى تبيان قيمتها و قوّتها... أيّ علم يستطيع أن يقيس مقدار تلك الطّاقة الجنونيّة الّتي تتملّكك و أنت تستحضر ذكريات الصبّابة و الهوى الّتي غرستها فيك ثقافة قدسّت الحبّ منذ الأيام الخوالي و تلك النغمّات العربيّة الجميلة الّتي تحرّكك لسبب وحيد أنّها صدى لتجاذبات لاواعية داخليّة عجزت عن التعبير عنها و البوح بها؟ هاهي هذه الرنّات و الهمسات تفجرّ فيك توازنا هشّا خلقته من جدليّة الرّغبة و الخوف و القوّة و الضّعف... تتفجرّ و تستكين رمادا و تستحيل شظايا إنسان و تتحرّر روحك من قبضة الوعي الّتي أعيتها... ثمّ لا يلبث أن يعود الوعي ليجمع شتاتك و يلملم فتاتك و تصبح من جديد إنسانا سجين المجتمع و الحضارة تبحث جاهدا عن بعض اللّحظات تعيش فيها حرّا... تعيشها ثمّ تصبح تلك اللّحظات بعدها ذكرى حلوة تمازج مرارة الوعي و آلام المعرفة... تظلّ تلك اللّحظات فيك دائما و أبدا نصب عينيك كظلّ إمرأة دمشقيّة سحرتك، فهمت بها فرغم بينها لا تنساها.

منتصر الغشّام - بوسطن - سبتمبر 2012

]]>
Monty Blog Sun, 23 Sep 2012 22:59:12 +0000
أهل الكهف - توفيق الحكيم http://montasser.ghachem.net/index.php/montyblog/item/161-peopleofthecave.html http://montasser.ghachem.net/index.php/montyblog/item/161-peopleofthecave.html

People of the cave

ها قد إنتهيت للمرّة العاشرة من قراءة مسرحيَة "أهل الكهف" لتوفيق الحكيم في هذا اليوم الدَافئ على مقعد يتوسطّ ساحة جامعة هارفارد بالولايات المتحدّة الأمريكيّة و قد شدَتني هذه المسرحيَة الذَهنيَة أيَما شدَ الّتي يتناول فيها الكاتب القصّة القرآنيَة لأهل الكهف الّذين ناموا ثلاثمائة عاما ليستيقظوا في عصر غير عصرهم. و قد حبست أنفاسي خاصَة في تلك اللَحظات الَتي إختارت فيها الأميرة "بريسكا"، تلك الرَقيقة الذَكيَة الجميلة، أن تكون وفيَة لحبَ لم يكن لها و أن تضحَي بحياتها وهي إبنة العشرين ربيعا ...

هذه المسرحية تراجيديّة وتتناول صراع الإنسان مع الزمن ، مع ما يتجاوز الإنسان. وهذا الصرّاع بين الإنسان والزمن يتمثل في ثلاثة من البشر يبعثون إلى الحياة بعد نوم يستغرق أكثر من ثلاثة قرون ليجدوا أنفسهم في زمن غير الزمن الذي عاشوا فيه من قبل. وكانت لكل منهم علاقات و صلات اجتماعية تربطهم بالناس والحياة، تلك العلاقات والصلات التي كان كلاً منهم يرى فيها معنى حياته وجوهرها. وفي حينها وعندما يستيقظون مرّة أخرى يسعى كل منهم ليعيش هذه العلاقة الحياتية. لكن، رغم وجود عديد النقّاط الّتي توحي أنّ ذلك لم يكن عصرهم، فإنّهم يتجاهلون ذلك لتواجد تلك العاطفة الّتي تربطهم بأشخاص، بالحياة. لكنهم سرعان ما يدركون بأن هذه العلاقات قد انقضت بمضيّ الزمن؛ الأمر الذي يحملهم على الإحساس بالوحدة والغربة في عالم جديد لم يعد عالمهم القديم وبالتالي يفرون سريعاً إلى كهفهم مؤثرين موتهم على حياتهم. يذكرّني موقف عزوف الإنسان عن الحياة في إنعدام الحبّ بقولة الفيلسوف الألمانيّ نيتشة "نحن نحبّ الحياة، ليس لتعوّدنا على الحياة بل لتعوّدنا على الحبّ "

هذا مقتطف من الصفحات الأخيرة أين أبدع توفيق الحكيم في حبك إنفراج العقدة و الَتي تدور أحداثها في كهف "الرَقيم" (علَها تشوَقكم إلى قراءة هذه الرَائعة التَي تتناول إبداعيّا هذه القصَة الغريبة و الممتعة)

بريسكا: و مهَمة أخرى يا غالياس. إذا علمت النَاس قصَتي و تاريخي فاذكر لهم كما أوصيتك
غالياس: (وهو يهَم بالخروج) أنَك قدَيسة...
بريسكا: كلاَ... كلاَ... أيَها الأحمق الطيَب. ليس هذا ما أوصيتك...
غالياس: أنَك إمرأة أحبَت...
بريسكا: نعم... و كفى
يخرج غالياس و تبقى وحدها و يغلق الكهف عليها و على الموتى
توفيق الحكيم

لكلَ المهتَمين، أنقر هنا لتحميل الكتاب في صيغته الإلكترونيَة (pdf)و كملَف أوديو (mp3)

قراءة طيَبة

]]>
Monty Blog Wed, 19 Sep 2012 22:41:00 +0000
Love, disappointment and weak law of large numbers! http://montasser.ghachem.net/index.php/fun-math/item/160-love_disappointment.html http://montasser.ghachem.net/index.php/fun-math/item/160-love_disappointment.html

How could the Weak Law of Large Numbers change your love experiences? What is the cost of using Mathematics in your love life? Mathematics insures you against disappointment but deprives from the euphoria that many a one dreams of... Would you let Mathematics into your love life, would you?

To be disappointed is to be depressed or discouraged by the failure of one's hopes or expectations. Our expectations fail if they are not based on objective facts and realistic grounds, the expectation of the kid regarding the powers of his father fail because he fails to recognize the true nature of his father. A thorough analysis of any phenomenon informs us about its nature and helps us avoiding false expectations and disappointments… knowing the phenomenon, while having romantic views about subjects, phenomena and people misguide us on what is the rule in them. People fall in love with other people based on very few observations, and they form their model about them using very few data.

Anyone who is familiar with Mathematics might have heard of the weak law of large number which stipulates that the mean (rule) of sequence of observations converges towards the mean (rule) of the population as the number of observations grows big. That’s the more you observe someone the better your view about this person becomes. The first observations that one receives might be outliers or exceptions. Generalizing from a very small sample could lead us to a model of the person which is completely different from what the norm is in him/her. It appears to me that the existence of disappointment in love is the immediate result of the failure to apply the weak law of large numbers. By taking one's time to knowing someone, the view that we have about this person approcahes with increasing probability the true nature of the person and thus reduces considerably the risk of disappointment. But whoever has been long enough among humans, must have realized the importance of the first impression and how fast people choose to fall in love... I remember a friend telling me that you should not be slow in getting in a relationship with someone (a girl of course :) ) otherwise, the relationship would become a friendship? What is this hidden norm that blocks the application of weak law of large numbers? An attempt to answer this question is below.

Most people prefer “falling” in love before knowing the person they are getting involved with. The reason is that they’re looking for is not that specific person but rather for a physical existence that they would try to mold to the image of their ideals. This unconscious decision of giving in to someone without having enough knowledge serves a very important psychological role: it helps us to submit to an ideal of perfection that we construct. This ideal would allow us to behave irresponsably, think of all crazy things that have been done in the name of love... wouldn't that be the instinct of freedom that would like to free itself from the tyranny of reason and social constraints? Haven't you ever noticed how people speak about people they love? Don't they seem extra-terrestrial, perfect in all aspects? Since no person could be the embodiement of such ideal, knowing the person would make it impossible to live the fantasy that most lovers would like to live. Given that such ideals are not realistic and none could live up to the expectations of the lovers, these expectations fail, causing a great disappointment. Ultimately, Mathematics and the weak law of large number helps you avoid disappointment, it advises you to get close solely to a person who is predictable or whose error of prediction given your model is very low; however this insurance has a cost i.e. you wouldn’t be able to build this euphoria and idealism around the person that you love. You reach happiness by loving people for whom they are, you are struck by disappointment by loving people for who you want them to be.


Mathematically Monty.

]]>
Funny Mathematics! Wed, 08 Feb 2012 20:15:27 +0000
رسالة إلى أبي http://montasser.ghachem.net/index.php/montyblog/item/159-to-bourguiba.html http://montasser.ghachem.net/index.php/montyblog/item/159-to-bourguiba.html

أبي الحبيب، الحبيب بورقيبة...

أكثر من عشر سنوات مرّت على فراقك للحياة و لكنّ السنّون لم تقدر أن تمحو ذكراك و حبّنا لك. إنّي نشأت على حبّك في مدرستي الإبتدائيّة دون علم منّي و لكن عندما عرفت من تكون إزداد حبّي لك... كيف لا، أبي، و أنا أرى تعبك و شقاك و سياستك الحكيمة و توّجهك نحو العلوم كلّ يوم في كلّ خطوة أخطوها في أعرق الجامعات الأمريكيّة، جامعة هارفارد...

كيف لي، لولا الله و لولاك، أن أخرج من تلك القرية النّائية و الفقيرة ذات المعدّل العلمي المحدود جدّا و معدّل الإجرام المرتفع لأرتقي أعلى درجات العلم و المعرفة و أن أقابل أكبر علماء العالم؟ كنت أتمنّى أن تكون حيّا فآتيك و أريك أنّ تعبك لم يذهب سدى و أنّك ستمكث في الأرض ما حييت و أن أقسم أنّني سأظلّ شاكرا لك مقدّرا لمن إهتمّ بي ولم يراني و إبنا بارّا لأب إعتنى بي و لم يعرفني... من عساني أهديه رسالة الدّوكتوراه الّتي أنظمها غيرك؟ من عساني أذكر فيرتفع ذكري به بين الأمم؟ تركت لنا تونسا بلدا علّمتنا حبّه. ها قد درسنا أخطائك، أبي، و علمنا مواقع ظلمك و تشدّدك و علّمتنا الحياة أنّ لا كمال لإنسان فسنحاول، نعدك، أن نكمل ما بنيته و أن نصلح ما أفسدته... لكنّني و أنا أرى ما حضانا الإلاه به على يديك، أنّك صنعتنا محبّين للنّاس و الحياة، شعبا وسطا.

أبي، أنت نفعت النّاس فتمكث ذكراك في الأرض و إنّك، و إن ظلمت و أخطأت، فإنّك أحببتنا بصدق و غمرتنا بعنايتك و يشهد العالم نبل شخصك و رفعة أخلاقك. أبي، أنا جزء منك و ستكون ،ما حييت، جزءا منّي و سأمضي على خطاك و سأتعلّم من تجربتك لأكون أحد أبنائك الّذين يملؤون ربوع تونس الّذي حمدك على نجاحك و أفلح حيث فشلت.

إلى من أحببت دون أن أراه...

تغمدّك الإلاه برحمته

إبنك منتصر

منتصر ـ بوسطن ـ ديسمبر 2011

]]>
Monty Blog Thu, 15 Dec 2011 18:37:00 +0000
آراء متفرقّة من أحداث تونس http://montasser.ghachem.net/index.php/montyblog/item/157-tunisia-events.html http://montasser.ghachem.net/index.php/montyblog/item/157-tunisia-events.html

نحو الوسطيّة و العقلّانيّة

عندما تقرأ التعاليق على شبكة الفايسبوك، تهيم بين الإتهامات المتبادلة بين العلمّاني و السلّفي و الإسلاميّ... أين الحقّ بين كلّ هذا؟ من يريد التعقلّ يركزّ على القيم بعيدا عن النّقاشات الجانبيّة و يكافح من أجل الحريّات العامّة و الخاصّة، حريّة الفكر و التّعبير و المعتقد و قيم المساواة و العدالة و يقاوم كلّ من يتجرأ التعدّي على حريّة الفرد رجلا كان أو إمرأة و ذلك بغضّ النّظر عن إنتماءاته الحزبيّة أو العقّائديّة...

إن كنت تريد أن تكون علمانيّا متطرفّا متأثرّا بفكر النّهضة الفرنسيّة بالخصوص، تقدسّ فولتير و تعشق الخمرة و تتبع الغرب في كلّ كبيرة و صغيرة فلك ذلك لكن ليس لك الحقّ أن تجبر غيرك على إتبّاع فولتير و مونتسكيو و تستنقص من قيمة من يختار أن يكون محافظا أو تتعمّد إستفزاز غيرك... إن كنت تريد أن تكون سلفيّا تؤمن أنّ ما قاله السلّف مقدّس و ترفض كلّ قيم الحداثة، تطيع المالكي أو الشّافعي كأنّه نبيّ يرى ما لا يراه المحدثون، تتحدثّ لغة، تلبس لباسا مخالفا للمعروف و تصرّ على "كذلك وجدنا عليه آباءنا" فلك ذلك لكن ليس لك الحقّ أن تحكم على غيرك كانّك تخاطبه من الجنّة أو تجبر غيرك على قبول لباس غريب عنه أو أن تتعدّى على حريّة إمرأة لأنّك تراها أقلّ قيمة أو تتحدّث بإسم الإلاه في أمور تجهلها و لا تعنيك... لكلّ حريّته الخاصّة كما أنّ للمجتمع حريّته الخاصّة فلا يجوز لأحدكما أن يقرّر مكان المجتمع، فالمجتمع برمتّه بمؤسسّاته و تدافع مكوّناته يقرّر مصير المجتمع... و في حالة ضمنت الحريّات الخاصّة و الفرديّة، للمجتمع أن يتطوّر كيفما شاء...

عن الإعتداء على حرمة الجامعة

لم يغمض لي جفن هذه اليلة في هذه الربوع النّائية، كيف لي وأنا أحسّ بدنوّ أجل جنين الحريّة و خنوعه أمام إستحكام العنف و جبروت الطّاعة... أنظر بأسى إلى ثلاثة و عشرين سنة من عمري قضيّتها صامتا خاضعا أحلم بيوم ـ لا أخاله يأتي ـ أنعم فيه بأريج الحريّة في بلدي... أتى اليوم و ما رأيته قادما و معه ترعرعت أحلام الصبّا و إسترجعت عزّا ظننته لا يكون... لكنّ ها أنا أراه على بهاء طلعته يذبل و يذوي أمام جهل عنيف و سياسة عشوّائيّة... لا أستغرب غباء الجهل و عنفه فالشيء من مأتاه لا يستغرب لكن ما يدمي قلبي ما أراه من إستكانة لأهل علم دنّست حرمات جامعاتهم، و أنتهكت حقوقوهم و أبتذل علمهم و مكانتهم وسط صمت سيّاسيّ مريب... نشتكي و ننّدّد...آه، مللت موّال حزنك يا تونس. لن أشكو قدرا ما كانت لتصنعه عبثيّة الجهّال لولا تواطء صمتي المخزي . سيسألني حفيدي ما مكانة عالم تلعب بأقداره الجهلة، لن أطأطأ رأسي حينها و لن أواتر أخطاء الجدود، سأقف من أجلك يا علم، يا حريّة، يا تونس. لن تستهان مكانتي و علمي... لن أستمرّ في العمل في مكان لا يحترم ذاتي... قد نظنّ أنفسنا على منبر من منابر المعرفة و لكنّنا في الحقيقة بوق على أعلى منابر الخنوع و التردّي... إذا سقطت قيمة أهل العلم في بلدي، سقط آخر جنديّ في جيشها و غاب عن الفصول ربيعها و إنطفت أنوار حضارتها. أشهدك بلدي أنّني سأقف في صفّك أصارع غيوما حالكة تحجبك نور الكرامة و الحريّة و لن أغنّي مواويل حزنك من جديد. لا يعمّ الجهل قوما إلّا بخنوع أهل العلم فيه... إنّ العلم رهين علمائه، إنّ عزّوا عزّ. لن أبكي أو أصعق أمام شباب يتهجمّ على أستاذة تونسيّة ذات قدّ  وباع همت بها و تربيّت على أفكارها وقد أفنت عمرا في تحصيل علمها... لن أكون جحودا بفضلها و سأدافع عنها. لا أفهم أهل العلم في بلدي يواصلون العمل في حرم يهانون فيه كلّ يوم مرّتين... تنتهك حريّاتهم الشخصيّة و تداس مكانتهم العلميّة. أرجو أن أرى أهل العلم في بلدي ينتصرون للعلم بصوت واحد، لا علم بدون إكبار و إجلال لأهل العلم. إنّ كلّ يوم أرى فيه خيرة أبناء تونس تتكلّم بخجل و تقبل الإهانة، أتساءل عن مصير من لم تتداركه "الحياة بعلم يستنير به و أخشى أن يأتي يوم أقول فيه "وا أسفاه على وطن نشأت به"

عن الجامعة و النّقاب

لفت إنتباهي اليوم مقال أنّ منع المنقبّات من الدّخول إلى الجامعة لا يحترم الحريّة و الأقليّات و هذا الكلام خال من الصحّة. أوّلا النّقاب لباس و في المجال الشّخصي لكلّ إنسان الحريّة في أن يلبس ما يريد في بيته أو في فضائه الخاصّ، أمّا في الجامعة وهو فضاء مشترك و بذلك له حدود يحدّدها أهل الذّكر من مجلس علميّ، مجلس طلبة وغيره. لا يمكن لأحد أن ينكر أنّ هناك معضلة أمنيّة في حالة المنقبّات كمّا تتعذرّ مراقبتهنّ أثناء الدّرس و ذلك ضروريّ لنجاح المهمّة الّتي وجدت من أجلها الجامعة. كما لا يختلف إثنان أنّ النّقاب غريب عن مجتمعنا فلا يمكن تقنين ما لا يوجد... ثمّ أنّ الطريقة الّتي أراد بها السلّفيّون المعتصمون فرض آرائهم تتعدّى على علويّة القانون... فلهم أن يجتمعوا في جمعيّات و أن يناضلوا من أجل آرائهم وللمجتمع و أهل الإختصاص ككلّ أن يقبل و أن يلفظ ما يشاء فبذلك يغيّرون القانون لا يتعدّونه... فهل سنغيّر القانون لفتح حانة في الجامعة لأنّ شرب الخمر حريّة فرديّة؟ أو نسمح بإسم حريّة العلم أن يغيّر الطلبّة مواضيع الدرّوس؟ أو نسمح بالتبشّير للمسيحيّة بما أنّ حريّة المعتقد مكفولة دينيّا؟ من المنطق الفقهيّ، الحلال لا يمارس إلّا مقيّدا و هذه القيود لا يضعها إلّا المجتمع بتجاذباته و تدافعاته و أهل الذّكر فأهل مكّة أدرى بشعابها..

أزمة الفكر العربيّ

سنوات و عقود مرّت والعقل العربّي و الإسلامي في سبات عميق، و للعقل الفقهي في أكبر تناقضاته دور رئيسيّ في ذلك فهو من جهة ينبئنا عن تفضيل الله للإنسان بالعقل و يغرقنا بتعداد ذكر أولي الألباب في الكتاب المقدّس و من جهة يطعن في إيماننا إن خرجنا عن رأيه و لا يفتر من تحذيرنا من إستعماله وكأنّ مهمّة العقل هي التقلّيد... هكذا جعلوا منّا عبيدا سجذّا، نثق من دون بحث أو بيّنة، نستشهد بأقوال و أحاديث لم نبحث في صحتّها و قد لا نفهم معناها، نعتبر أنّ ما يخالف رأينا خارج عن الحقّ،نحتقر أنفسنا أمام أيّ مفكرّ من الأزمنة الخوالي أو شيخ قلّد غيره و كأنّنا خلقنا لتقديسهم، نعيد ما قاله الشّيخ فلان و فلان بسذاجة فطريّة، نعتبر كلّ إكتشاف لتناقض في أقوالهم على أنّه عجز منّا عن الإرتقاء لمستوى فهمهم و كأنّ الذكّاء ليس ظاهرة موضوعيّة خارج الوعي... يبنى العقل على مبدأ عدم التنّاقض، لكنّ العقل العربيّ معجزة فهو يحتقر نفسه و لا تزيده التنّاقضات إلّا تصلبّا، تحيّزا و خمولا، إذ لا تشتم الديمقراطيّة إلّا في ربوعنا و نفخر أنّ الإنتخابات أوصلتنا إلى مراكز القرار و لا يحتقر و يهان أهل العلم إلّا بيننا و نتشدّق أنّها كانت "إقرأ" و لا تجبر المرأة إلّا على ضفافنا و ما نفتأ نتحدّث عن تكريمها، و نختار التحيّز اللّا مشروط لفريق و نفخر أنّنا أمّة وسط. في غياب العقل، يسهل ترويض عاطفتنا و نصبح لقمة سائغة لمن يريد الإستبداد بمقدّراتنا ... أرجو منّا كلّنا أن نحكم على الأشياء بكلّ موضوعيّة بعيد عن الثّقة الساذجة و الحكم المسبق و التحيّز... إنّا خلقنا أمّة وسطا.

دمت يا بلدي عصيّا على الطغّاة.

منتصر ـ بوسطن ـ ديسمبر 2011

 

]]>
Monty Blog Fri, 02 Dec 2011 22:10:08 +0000